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澳门新葡亰手机版考研必背的底子语法知识点,

文章作者:澳门新葡亰手机版 上传时间:2019-04-18

  (Because) being short of money, we can’t afford a TV set. =Because we are short of money, we can’t afford a TV set。

  ②人称作相应变化;

The traffic had to stop ______ _______ the_______ snow.

  6.原因状从:now that的用法。now that 表示 “既然”。与 since 的不同之处在于,now that 引出的必须是一个新出现的事实或情况,如果依然如故,和过去相比并没有变化,则不用 now that 引导。

  2、常见的并列句:

They willstand by you even if you don’t succeed.

  注意:但 only修饰主语时,不倒装。例句: Only that girl knew how to work out the problem.  只有那位女生知道怎样解那道题。

  主从复合句由一个主句和一个或一个以上的从句构成。主句为句子的主体,从句只用作句子的一个次要成分,不能独立成为一个句子。从句通常由关联词引导,并由关联词将从句和主句联系在一起。如:While the grandparents love the children, they are strict with them.(爷爷奶奶们很爱孩子,同时对他们也严格要求。) / It seemed as if the meeting would never end.(看起来会议没完没了。) / Hurry up, or (else) you'll be late.(快点, 要不然就来不及了。) / However I cook eggs, the child still refuses to eat them.(不管我用什么方法煮鸡蛋,小孩还是不肯吃。)

He worksharder in order that he can go to a good college.

  3.定语从句 who引导的限定性定从。例句:

  若从句来源于一个一般疑问句,连词则用if 或whether;

1) 先行词为all, much, something, everything, nothing,little, none, the one 等不定代词时

  3.wish引导的虚拟语气:wish 后面的从句,当表示与事实相反的情况,或表示将来不太可能实现的愿望时,其宾语从句的动词形式为: 

  (2) 宾语从句:在句子中作及物动词或介词的宾语。

4) When I was young, my grandfather told me that the sun ______ (rise) inthe east.

  3. 否定词前置倒装:scarcely...when。.

  3、在疑问句中,通常使用在主语之前安放助动词的倒装方法,对主语提问除外。如:How did he find the lost book? (他是怎么样找到丢失的书的?) / Where are they going to spend the summer vacation? (他们打算到哪儿过暑假?)

Linda tried to become an excellentteacher, _____ at last she succeeded.

  1.并列句:由and, or , but连接的两个句子成为并列句。

  若从句来源于一个陈述句,那么,连词用that,在口语中that可以省略;

考点三 主从复合句:宾语从句

  5. 宾语从句:放在介词后面,作介词的宾语。

  (3) 表明两个概念彼此有矛盾、相反或者转折, 常用的连接词有but,yet,still ,however等,前后分句时态一致。

(2) 主句是过去时态,宾语从句应使用过去时的相应时态。

  9. 同位语从句:I want to know the answer to this question who will be our next president。

  ①不用引号,而用连接词that,但有时可省略。

It’s sohot that we want to go swimming.

  ⑶表示对将来的主观愿望:谓语动词形式为“would/ should/ could/ might 动词原形”。在这种情况下,主句的主语与从句的主语不能相同,因为主句的主语所期望的从句动作能否实现,取决于从句主语的态度或意愿(非动作名词除外) 。 

  例如:They believe that the computer will finally take the place of human beings.(他们相信计算机终将代替人类。) (从句本来就是陈述句)/ I wonder whether I should say something for him to the headmaster. (我不知道是不是该为他在校长跟前说点什么。) (从句来源于一般问句Shall I say something for him to the headmaster?) / He asked me where he could get such medicine. (他问我在哪儿能搞到那样的药。) (从句来源于特殊问句Where can he get such medicine? )

  1. 宾语从句的语序 :要用陈述句语序。

  5.倒装:否定词seldom前移,句子倒装。例句:Seldom did he speak。

  如:Do you know the woman who is weeping in the corner? (你认识那个在角落里哭泣的女人吗?) / Do not tell me any words that have nothing to do with me. (跟我无关的话,请一个字也不要说。)

(3) 如果宾语从句叙述的是客观事实、真理、自然现象等,不管主句用什么时态,从句都用一般现在时。

  4.it形式宾语:和it 作形式主语一样,  我们常用it 来作形式宾语, 把真正的宾语从句放在句末, 这种情况尤其出现在带复合宾语的句子中。

  倒装句: 谓语的一部分或者全部放在主语之前的句子称为倒装句。

The shirtwas so cheap that he bought it. à the shirt was cheap enough forhim to buy.

  8. 原因状从:as 的用法。例句:The Singapore passengers begin to decrease as other airlines spread their operating range。

  ② 关于宾语从句连词的选择:

a.after b. since c. until d. when

  I wish it would stop raining.  但愿雨能停止。 

  条件状语从句通常由if, unless, as long as等引导,条件状语从句一般放在句首或句尾,特别注意,时间状语从句不允许使用将来时,而应该用现在时替代。You will certainly fail in the coming final exams unless you work much harder. (即将来到的期末考试你肯定考不及格,除非你更用功。) / If it doesn’ t rain tomorrow, we shall go hiking. (如果明天不下雨我们就要去徒步旅行。)

  1. 简单句只包含一个主谓结构.

  2. 五种简单句:

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  2、关系代词在从句中作主语时一般用who(指人)、that(指物),而不用that指人或用which指物。

2.时间状语从句(主句用将来时,从句用一般现在时)

  Privatization is thought to be beneficial in that it promotes competition. 私营化的优点在于能促进相互竞争。

  2、用“So / Nor / Neither 助动词 主语”倒装结构表示第二个人物的情况与上文的人物情况相同。如:Tom went to the beach last week, and, so did I. (Tom上个星期去了海滩,我也是。) / Li Mei’s bought nothing from the shop. Neither has Jim. (李梅没有在店里买什么,Jim也没有买。)

考点四 状语从句

  例句:I wish you would be quiet.  我希望你安静一些。 

  3、各从句在句子中的位置以及用法:

3) 主 谓 宾. They reached the village.

  例句: I want to know if he will join us in the discussion?

  →Mr Smith said to his girl friend that he had not seen her for a long time.

He tells us that he has been able to lookafter himself.

  5.不定式做定语。例句:The only way to solve our problems will continue to be rejected。

  比较状语从句通常由as, than, as (so)...as等引导,一般省略从句的谓语部分,只剩下名词或代词(用主格或宾格均可)。如:Jane is much taller than I/me. (Jane比我高多了。) / I don’t have as many books as you (do). (我书没有你多)

一、状语从句在复合句中作状语,修饰主句中的动词、形容词、副词等。

  文章来源:跨考教育[微博]

  1、直接引语如果是陈述句,变为间接引语时应注意以下各点:

a. Though, but b. Because, so c. Though, d. Because,

  I wish I knew the answer to the question.    我希望知道这个问题的答案。(可惜不知道。) 

  (5) 主语从句:在句子中充当句子主语的从句叫主语从句。位于谓语动词之前。通常由that,whether以及疑问连词引导。一般情况下,常用it替代主语从句,而将主语从句移到句尾。如:When we should start is still a question. (我们该在什么时候开始还是个问题呢。)

He oftenhelps others though although he is not rich.

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  5、直接引语变为间接引语时,指示代词以及表示时间和地点的词或词组应作相应变化

She asked me if whether she could join us.(whether…or not)

  例句:He has made it clear that he will not give in. 他表明他不会屈服。 

  如:This is the room in which Miss Li once lived. (= This is the room Miss Li once lived in.) (这是李小姐曾经居住过的房间。)

a. when b. while c. as d. since

  ⑵表示对过去情况的虚拟:从句动词用had 过去分词。 

  ④ 下列结构后面的从句一般也作为宾语从句看待:

英语简单句、并列句、复合句解析

  例句:The more scared we are, the stronger the difficulty will become。我们越害怕困难,困难就会变得越强大。

  [注解]

They willhave a picnic unless it rains next Sunday.

  例句: Only by diligence and honesty can one succeed in life.  只有勤奋、正直,一个人在生活中才能成功。 

  2、时间、条件、原因,让步状语从句放在句首时需要用逗号与主句隔开。

Heremembers the day _______ he joined the League.

  4. If虚拟条件句

  地点状语从句通常由 where, wherever等引导。如:Go back where you came from! (哪里来还滚到哪里去!) / I will never forget to catch the thief who stole my necklace wherever he may be. (我永远也不会忘记去抓住那个偷我项链的贼,无论他会在哪里。)

My leg hurts so I go to see a doctor. 我的腿疼,因此我去看医生。

  语法知识点2

  3、关系代词作从句的宾语时,常用which或whom,较少使用that或who,而且,关系代词常常省略。

________ quick , ______ you willmiss the early bus.

  4.宾语从句:whether的用法。例句:I wonder if/whether it is going to rain tomorrow。

  (4) 说明原因, 用连接词for ,前后分句时态一致。

  1. This shirt was so cheap that becould buy it.

  10. 不定式:不定式做目的状语。例句:We get up very early to catch the first bus。

  ③ 宾语从句的时态问题:如果主句是现在时,从句则用现在某一时态,甚至可以用过去时;

a. that b. which c. whered. when

  (2)在否定句或疑问句中可用 not so…as…. 例句:He can not run so/as fast as you. 他没你跑得快。

  ①基本形式:(主句+)连词 从句主语 从句谓语 ...

并列句:两个或两个以上的简单句,用连词连接起来。

  2.only引导的倒装句型:only 状语 (或状语从句)位于句首时,句子部分倒装。 

  目的状语从句通常由so that..., so...hat..., in order that... 等引导,往往放在句尾,从句中通常含有can / could / may / might等情态动词。如:He got up earlier so that he could catch the first train. (他起身更早为的是赶上第一班车。)

---- They would like to start towork_______ they needn’t depend on their parents completely.

  I wish (that) I hadn’t wasted so much time.  我后悔不该浪费这么多时间。( 实际上已经浪费掉了。) 

  4、当关系代词紧跟在介词后面时,必须用which或whom,而当介词移到句尾时,则又可以使用that或who.

2) 主 系 表. She is a teacher.

  2.省略句 /倒装:so/系动词/助动词/情态动词 sb 表示“前者情况适用于后者”。例句:

  1、直接引语和间接引语:在陈述句中,直接引用说话人原来的语句,称为直接引语。在书写时,直接引语用引号。用自己的词语来转述表达原来说话人说的内容,称为间接引语。

whowhom澳门新葡亰手机版,that省略

  原因状从: in that的用法。例句:

  关系代词who、whom 和whose指人,分别在从句中作主语、宾语和定语。which指物that多指物, 有时也指人,它们在从句中可以作主语或宾语。定语从句中关系代词作从句宾语时可以省略。This is the thief (that/who/whom) we have been looking for these days. (这个就是我们近日一直在找的小偷。) / Please find a room which is big enough for all of us to live in. (请找一间足够大能住下我们全体的房间。)

二、练习

  5.The 比较级,the 比较级  表示“越....。。越....。。”。

  直接引语和间接引语

Pleasesay it in a loud voice so that everyone can hear it.

  You are a student, so am I。

  4、感叹句中通常将被感叹的部分前移,而将句子的主谓语整体后置。 如:What a beautiful flower (it is)! (那是多漂亮的花!)

c. where he comes from d. where he wants to go

  从句 主句
跟现在事实相反 一般过去式(be用were) would/should/might/could 动原
跟过去事实相反 had done would/should/might/could have done
跟将来事实相反 should 动原;were to do sth would/should/might/could 动原

  特别说明:由于各方面情况的不断调整与变化,新浪网所提供的所有考试信息仅供参考,敬请考生以权威部门公布的正式信息为准。

15.August 1. 1927 was the day ____ the PLA was founded.

  Do you remember the girl who taught us English ?你还记得教我们英语的那个女孩吗?

  (5) 表示结果,用连接词so, 前后分句时态一致。

----_____ you told me you would. What’shappening?

  1.as...as.。。引导的比较级:(1)“as 形容词或副词原级 as 被比较对象”结构。例句: He studies as hard as you. 他像你一样学习努力。

  从句按其在复合句中的作用,分为主语从句、表语从句、宾语从句、定语从句和状语从句等。(参见以下各条)

  1. ____he is young, ____ he knows several languages.

  语法知识点3

  并列句基本概念:

2) where 在句中作状语,表示地点。.

  1. 宾语从句:一般疑问句做宾语,引入if或whether

新车了。)

A. how will you help B. how you help C. how will you help D. how do you help

  例句:Now that we have all the materials ready, we should begin the new task at once。既然我们把所有材料都准备好了,我们应该立刻开始这项新的工作。

  例如:That is why he did not come to school yesterday. / It is because you are so clever.

whichthat

  ⑴表示对现在情况的虚拟:从句动词用过去式或过去进行式表示,be 的过去式用were.   

  若从句来源于一个特殊疑问句,则连词就是疑问词(如what,who,where,when等)

This shirt was _____ _______ ________ _______________ buy.

  2. 原因状语从句:since引导的

  →He asked the little boy to go there.

That’ssuch an interesting story that everybody likes it.

  例句: Scarcely had he arrived at home when it began to rain。

  让步状语从句通常由though (although), as, even if( even though), however, whatever等引导。如:Even if you pay the debt(债务) for me, I will not thank you because it has nothing to do with me. (即使你替我还了债我也不会感谢你,因为它与我毫无关系。) / He wears a T-shirt though it is very cold. (他穿了一件T恤衫,尽管天很冷。)

  1. 结果状语从句

  6.状语从句省略(分词作状语):从句的主语和状语从句的主语一致,状从省略采用分词作状语。例句:

  主从复合句

2013-04-07 18:02阅读:7,627

  例句: Don’t eat too much sugar since it is bad for your health。

  (4) 定语从句:在复合句中作定语用修饰句子中某一名词或代词的从句叫定语从句。

Put allthe things _____they were.

  例句:I know nothing about him except that he used to work in Shanghai。

  当先行词是指事物的不定代词(all, anything等),或先行词部分含有最高级,或含有序数词时,不能用其他的关系代词,只能用that. 如:All that Lily told me seems untrue. (Lily告诉我的话似乎不真实。) / Can you give me anything that has no sugar inside? (能不能给我点里面没有糖的东西?) / This is the first two-story bus that runs in our city. (这是第一辆运行于我市的双层公交车。)

A. whereB. when C. whose D. which

  语法知识点1

  ③主句里的动词如果是过去时,间接引语中的时态一般应作相应改变: 一般现在时变一般过去时;一般将来时变过去将来时;现在进行时变过去进行时;现在完成时变成过去完成时;一般过去时变成过去完成时;但一般过去时如与一个具体的过去时间连用,则时态不变。

He said that light travels faster than sound.

  7. 原因状从:for的用法。由because 引导的从句如果放在句末,且前面有逗号,则可以用并列连词 for 来代替。但如果不是说明直接原因,而是多种情况加以推断,就只能用 for 。例句:He is absent today, because/for he is ill. 他今天没来,因为他生病了。

  2、直接引语改变为间接引语:

(1)引导 陈述句用 that(在口语和非正式文体中常常省略)

  注意:若wish 后的宾语从句中用 would,可以表示请求,通常意味着说话人的不快或不满。

  1、THERE BE句型以及以here、there开头的句子。如: There are a lot of children in the showroom. (在展览室里有许多的小孩。)/ Here comes the bus. (公交车来了。) / There goes the bell. (铃响了。) / The door opened and in came Mr Lee. (门开了,李先生走了进来。)

a. that b. which c. who d. a&b

  时间状语从句通常由when ,as ,while, after, before, since, as soon as ,since, till (until), while, whenever 等引导。时间状语从句一般放在句首或句尾,特别注意,时间状语从句不允许使用将来时,而应该用现在时替代。如: When you finish the work, you may go out to play with Sam. (你完成工作就可以出去和Jim一起玩了。) / I won’t leave until Mum comes back. (妈妈回来了我才会走。)

  1. ----What would some students like to do after finishing their education?

  如:Tom’s father was the first parent whom our teacher talked to. (Tom的父亲是我们老师第一个谈话的人。)

一、用括号内所给的动词的适当形式填空。

  die、dead、death的用法:die是动词,可以独立做谓语,有各种时态变化,也可以变成非谓语形式作句子的其他成分;dead是形容词,作句子的定语、表语或宾语补足语;death是名词,作句子的主语、宾语等。如:I’m going to die! (我要死了!) / The man has been dead for about three months. (那个人死了三个月左右。) / He is worried to death. (他急得要死。)

考点五 定语从句

  (3) 状语从句:在复合句中作状语,其位置可以在主句前或主句后。状语从句可以分为时间、地点、原因、目的、结果、比较、让步、条件等几种。状语从句由从属连接词引导。

1) that后的句子是否定句,常用too…to进行转换。

  2、直接引语如果是一般疑问句,变为间接引语时,需用从属连接词whether或if引导,词序要改变。如:Lin Tao said to Miss Green, "Is it made in China?” →Lin Tao asked Miss Green if it was made in China.

1)Sheasked me, “Will you go to the cinema tomorrow?” (改为含宾语从句的复合句)

  并列复合句是由两个或两个以上并列而又独立的简单句构成。两个简单句常由并列连接词连在一起;但有时不用连接词,只在两个简单句之间用一逗号或分号。

whichthat省略

  2、分类:

a. where does he come from b. where is he from

  3、直接引语如果是特殊疑问句,变为间接引语时,需用疑问词引导,词序是:连词 主语 谓语。

  1. It’squite common in Britain to say “thankyou”tothe drivers _____ people getoff the bus.

  如:He says,"I am not from the USA.”→He says that he is not from the USA.

  1. He ran so fast that we couldn’t catch upwith him.

  ④ 限制性定语从句和非限制性定语从句。限制性定语从句在句中不能省略,否则主句意思就不完整。非限制性定语从句和主句之间往往用逗号分开,这种从句是一种附加说明,如果从句子中省去,也不致于影响主句的意思。如:She spent the whole evening talking about her latest book, which none of us had heard of. (她一个晚上都在谈论她最近的书,我们一个人都没有听说过那本书。)

a. after b. when c. unless d. if

  结果状语从句通常由 so that..., so...that... 等引导,放在句尾。结果状语从句一般表示已经发生的事情,故多为过去时态。如:He lost so many bikes that he decided never to buy a new one. (他丢了那么多辆自行车,他决定再也不买

  1. “Do you want to try somethingnew?” Tom’s mother asked him.

  如主句是过去时,从句则相应地使用过去某一时态,遇到客观真理时仍然用现在时。如:I think I will do better in English this term. (我想本学期我的英语会学得好点。) / The teacher asked the boy if the earth is round. (老师问那个男孩地球是不是圆的。)

He ran ____ fast ______ _____________ catch up with.

  [注意] 1、because与so;(al)though与but;if与so不可以同在一个句子中成对出现。

a. so that b. when c. because d. until

  4、直接引语如是祈使句,变间接引语时,须将祈使句变为动词不定式,并在动词不定式前用tell, ask, order. 如:He said to the little boy,“ Come here, young man! ”

Thebuilding ___________is being built will be used as a hospital.(指物作主语)

  ③ 关系代词或关系副词的作用:

  1. 关系副词的基本用法。

  原因状语从句通常由because, since, as等引导,一般放在句首或句尾。如:He went abroad because his father had found a good university for him. (他出国了,因为他父亲给他找了一所好大学。)

  1. You shouldn’t tell him your address, Ithink.

  附加注释

A. where did you get it B.where will you get it C. where you got it

  ① 定语从句的位置:放在名词或代词的后面。如:The man who has an umbrella in his hand is my uncle. (手上抓了一把雨伞的人是我的叔叔。)

2) Howlovely the dog is! Can you tell me _____?

  ② 语法术语的改变:被修饰的名词或代词称为先行词;引导定语从句的连接词称为关系词,其中that、which、who称为关系代词,where、when、how称为关系副词。

指物

  关系副词when或where引导定语从句时,它们在从句中分别作时间状语和地点状语。如:This is the room where they had a quarrel a week ago. (这是一个星期前他们吵架的房间。) / I can never forget the day when I first saw you. (我永远不会忘记第一次见到你的日子。)

What willyou do after you finished your homework?

  并列句和主从复合句

He is young, but he works hard.虽然他年轻,但工作努力。

  (2) 表示在两者之间选择一个, 常用的连接词有or,otherwise,or else,either…or…等,前后分句的时态往往保持一致关系,若第一个分句是祈使句,那么第二个分句用将来时。

  1. 表示顺承关系的:and, not only…but also(不仅….而且….)等。

  1、关系代词只能用that的情况:

Do you want to leave now ____ would yourather set off later?

  如:Lucy said to me, “How can I help?” →Lucy asked me how she could help.

  1. 关系代词特殊用法

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时间状语从句的引导词有when, before, after, until, assoon as, since, while, as 等

  5、有引号引用某人的原话时,引号外面的主谓一般采用倒装形式放在句尾,但是,若主语是代词则不倒装。如:“What on earth are you doing up there?” said the father. (父亲说:“你在上边到底干什么?”) / “What on earth are you doing up there?”he said. (他说:“你在上边到底干什么?”)

a. after b. before c. since d. for

  Mr Smith said to his girl friend,“ I haven’ t seen you for a long time.”

  1. Thisis the most interesting book____ I’ve read before.

  1、概念:

a. so b. or c. but d. for

  (1) 表语从句:在句子中作连系动词的表语的从句,它位于主句中的系动词之后。

4) 主 谓 间宾 直宾.He gave me a pen.

  be sorry / afraid / sure / glad that从句,如:I’m sorry I’m late. (对不起,我迟到了。) / I’m afraid he isn’t in at the moment. (恐怕他此刻不在家。)

3) why 在句中作状语,表示原因。

  (1) 用来连接两个并列概念的连接词有and , not only…but also…, neither…nor…等,and所连接的前后分句往往表示先后关系、递进关系。前后分句的时态往往保持一致关系,若第一个分句是祈使句,那么第二个分句用将来时。

修饰某一名词或代词的从句叫定语从句。被定语从句修饰的词叫先行词,引导定语从句的词叫关系词(关系代词和关系副词)。

whothat

比较状语从句由than, as…as…, not asso… as等引导。(比较级)

Since weare students, we should study hard.

目的状语从句常用的引导词有so that, in order that 等àin order to 简单句

英语简单句、并列句、复合句解析

  1. 表示转折关系的有but, yet等。

考点一 简单句

在条件状语从句中,常用的引导词有if, unless等。

作定语

  1. 表示选择关系和否定条件的有or(还是,否则)

a. But b. So c. And d. Or

  1. Theart club is for members only. You can’t go in ____you are a member.

1.关系代词的基本用法

练习

a. that b. which c. where d. when

She asked me______ I ______ go to the cinema the next day.

  1. I like the place ____ I canhave a good time.

6.目的状语从句

8.比较状语从句

  1. Couldyou please keep the windows______? It’s so hot in the room.

4)先行词中既有人又有物时。

3) --- Can you tell me _____ your parents at home?

作主语

a. and b. but c. or d. so

  1. You must be quick. If not, you’llmiss the early bus.

I visiteda scientist _______ name is known all over the world. (指人作定语)

He didn’tcome because he was ill.

5) 主 谓 宾 宾补.I find that book very useful.

*Though, although与but 不能同时出现在一个句子中

考点二 并列句

1.地点状语从句

  1. Somepeople like to play mahjong, ____ others don’t.

--- I often wash clothes and sweepthe floor.

a. open b. opens c. opened d. opening

The man __________spokeat the meeting is from Hong Kong. (指人作主语)

指人

  1. Youwill be late ____ you hurry up.

This isthe reason_______ he is late today.

*Because 和so 不能在一个句子中同时使用。

She asked them what they were doing.

  1. ----Iwon’t go to the party tomorrow.

(1)当关系代词在从句中作主语时,从句的谓语动词要与先行词保持一致。

He is oneof the boys who ______ (like) playing football.

Tom’ mother asked him_____________ _______ to try something new.

  1. He worked hard so that he couldmake more money.

4.原因状语从句

She ______ gave us a lot of advice, _______helped us to overcome difficulties.

He worked hard______ _______ ______ make moremoney.

  1. 宾语从句的时态

(2) 通常以下四种情况关系代词只能用that而不能用which.

  1. 练习

作宾语

Wear your coat, ____ you’ll catch a cold.

He is theonly one of the boys who________ (like) playing football.

简单句、并列句和复合句

1) when 在句中作状语,表示时间。

He is soyoung that he can’t go to school.à he is too young to go to school.

Theforeigners want to know ______ ______ learn Chinese kung fu well.

二、单项选择

  1. Cathylikes comedies, _____ they’re very funny.

He ran asfast as Mike.

  1. Benasked me ______ I had read the news in today’s newspaper.
  1. 宾语从句的引导词
  1. The foreigners want to know howthey can learn Chinese kung fu well.

They said that they had already finished thework.

  1. Workhard, _____ you’ll fall behind your classmates.
  1. Jim’s mother let him watch TVafter he finished his homework.

a.until b. though c. because

---- Of course. He comes from Japan.

(1)主句是一般现在时,一般将来时或祈使句,宾语从句可根据实际需要选用各种时态。

  1. 让步状语从句
  1. Thisis the room in ____Chairman Mao lived.

a.unless b. because c. if d. though

a. assoon as b. so that c. before d. while

  1. Because it snowed heavily, thetraffic had to stop.
  1. Mr.Brown knows little Japanese, ______ he can’t understand the instructions on thebottle of the pills.
  1. Theypiled the snow in one place ______ the children could make a snowman.

3.条件状语从句

(2) 引导一般疑问句用if或whether.

相约在成长的路上

结果状语从句主要由so…that…, such…that…引导。

  1. 表示因果关系的有for, so 等。

If itdosen’t rain, I” ll go fishing.

引导词有though, although, even if, even though(尽管)等。

  1. When does the train leave? I want toknow.

a. that b. if c. what d. when

原因状语从句常用的引导词有because, as, since(既然)等

She wascooking when someone knock at the door.

whose

2) that后的句子是肯定句。常用enough to 进行转换。

三、写出下列句子的同义词,每空一词。

  1. ----Can you tell me _____?

地点状语从句通常由 where 引导。

a. that b. which c.who d. whom

a. if b. so c. because d. until

1) 主 谓. He comes at last.

  1. Hisbrother has been to Stone Forest twice_____ he came to Yunnan.

The soup tastes nice.

  1. Nowmany parents send their children to foreign countries, _____ they want them toget a better education.

This isthe place _______ Lu Xun was born.

2)先行词被形容词最高级修饰时。

*So… that…与简单句之间的句型转换

He tells me (that ) he is going shopping thisSunday.

  1. Mrs.Wang said that she ______(buy) a new car the next day.

  2. OurEnglish teacher told us that Christmas ________(be) on December 25.

  3. I’lltell you as soon as Kate ______(come) here.

  4. Couldyou tell me when your father ______(go) to New York? When he ______(go) there,we’llsee him off.

  5. Homewith Kids is one of the TV sitcoms that _______(make) us laugh again and again.

I want to know ________the train _________

Jim’s mother________ let him watchTV_______ he finished his homework.

I ________ think you ______ tell him youraddress.

常用的连接词有:

He ismore outgoing than I.

I want to know when the train left.

whose

3)当先行词被the only, the very, the just等修饰时。

(3) 引导特殊疑问句,要用原来的特殊疑问词。

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